There are many essential pieces of equipment that are important on the farm. In this post I am going to give you a farm equipment list that will give you the equipment that you need on a farm. There are some things that aren’t on the list because every farmer has different needs, so for most people this list will suffice.
The tractor is the primary piece of equipment that you use on the farm. Its primary function is to pull farming equipment, but you can use it for many things.
An example of a different type of tractor is a front loader tractor. You can use this type of tractor for a number of things such as loading manure into a manure spreader. A compact tractor is a small tractor that you use on smaller farms and small jobs. Many people have a small compact tractor at their house. This is a common tractor that you will see in town.
The main categories of tractors are two-wheel drive, two-wheel drive with front assist or a full four-wheel drive tractor. Four-wheel drive tractors can have articulating middles or tracks. They are very expensive and have a very particular purposes.
Plow or Plough
The plow is where it all begins. You need this piece of farm equipment to prepare your field for your crops.
This is the farm implement that you will use to break up the land for the very first time. Generally, plows turn the soil over to kill off the surface vegetation such as weeds.
Plowing is primary tillage. That means that you will start with this then go to secondary tillage like a harrow.
There are many types of plows such as chisel plows, moldboard plows, and disc plows.
Harrows are secondary tillage. You use them after a plow in most cases. The idea behind a harrow is to break up the clods of soil to make it easier for plants to grow.
Harrows disturb all the soil on the surface in a field.
There are many different types of harrows that we use today. In most cases, the advanced harrows that you use combine different harrows in a single implement.
Here is a list of the types of harrows you might find: disc harrows, chain harrow, roller harrow, and spring harrows.
You use a seeder to plant the seeds in the ground. There are many types of seeders today. They range from small simple seeders on small farms all the way up to huge air seeders.
The most common seeder type you will see is a broadcast seeder. You can see broadcast seeders seeding grass in residential areas. Also, in Canada you will see a broadcast seeder used for spreading salt.
Some of the types of seeders you will see are: box drill seeder, air seeder, and planters. Some seeders can plant spread seed and fertilizer at the same time..
The newer seeders are more accurate than the old ones, and tend to produce better yield from crops.
A fertilizer spreader is a farm implement that spreads out fertilizer. You can do this different ways. One of the most common spreader is a broadcast spreader. This is very similar to a broadcast seeder. In many cases, people use them interchangeably.
Another common fertilizer spreader is a manure spreader. Manure spreaders use solid manure from livestock. There are also liquid manure spreaders as well, which are slurry spreaders.
Spreading fertilizer helps improve the yield of your crop.
Combines are usually the most expensive piece of equipment that farmers buy.It is the most important piece of farm equipment as well. It is the piece of equipment that you use to reap the benefits of your hard work.
You use a combine to harvest your crop. Combines do three functions reaping (cut the plant) the crop, threshing (separates edible from non-edible parts) the crop and winnowing (separates light chaff from grain).Newer combines give you yield data which shows you where you field did well and not well.
The leftovers from the combine thrown out the back as straw can be baled for livestock bedding.
Depending on what you want to harvest, a combine will need a specific head for the job. You use a standard grain head for wheat, rye, canola and soybeans. You use a corn head, which looks like it has teeth on it for corn.
You use a baler to collect hay, straw or corn stalks, and put them into either a round bale or a square one. You use hay as feed for your livestock, so it is very important to have your equipment tuned properly. You use straw as bedding for your livestock to keep them dry and warm. Bedding helps the animals not get sick. You can use corn stalks for bedding, but some animals will eat them as well.
The main types of balers are square balers and round balers. They come in various sizes. From small squares up to huge squares. It all depends on what type of operation you are running.
You can wrap the bales with just twine, or you can wrap them up with plastic, which allows them to ferment into silage.
Final thoughts on the farm equipment list
There are many other things that I could add to this farm equipment list, but the above pieces of equipment are the main ones.
As I mentioned before, different farms are going to need different equipment. So some farms are going to rank different equipment higher than others..
What equipment do you have on your farm equipment list?