Types of plows

There are many different types of plows available to farmers. Sometimes it is a question of how much money you have, other times it depends on what is available. Needless to say, you have a variety of choice.

We use plows for opening a loosening up soil. Also, we do this to help increase the amount of water the soil can hold. We do it to kill off any weeds you may have as well.

Plowing is  primary tillage. By turning over the soil, you are trying to prepare the soil to start secondary tillage.

Types of plows

I am going to talk about a couple different types of plows that you use on the farm. The types I am going to talk about are moldboard plow, chisel plow, ridge plow and disc plow. I have included a video of each to give you an idea how each of them works.

Moldboard Plow

moldboard plough or moldboard plow - types of plows

You use this plow cleanly cut through the soil and turn it over. Because this type of plow is meant to turn over the soil, it is shaped like a wing. The idea behind this type of plow is to make sure that no soil is left unturned.

In most cases, you are breaking up a fallow field, or a field that was hay.

There are many variations of this type of plow. One common variation is a plow, which can rotate to keep furrows going in the same direction.

Chisel plow

Chisel plough or chisel plow

This is an antique but the principle is the same.

This type of plow is for breaking up the soil. Typically, we use chisel plows for deep tillage. Chisel plows disturb the soil below the surface, and try to reduce the amount of top layers disturbed.

Ridge plows

We use these types of plows to create ridges for particular crops. For example, this type of plow would work well for potatoes. Typically, they are double winged to raise the soil into a furrow.

Disc plows

disc plow or disc plough

photo by Alex E. Proimos on flixr

Disc plows cuts in terms soil by using discs instead of a wedge-shaped blade. The idea behind using a disk instead of something like a mold board plow is to help reduce friction.

Sometimes people choose to use a disc plow because the moldboard plow isn’t enough. A moldbold plow might not be sufficient in cases where you have sticky soil or rocky soil. The chances of you breaking a disc plow or can it be slimmer than a mold board plow.

One reason farmers tend not to use disc plows is that they don’t do a very good job of covering weeds, so if you’re trying to turn over the weeds in moldboard plow is a better choice.

This type of plow is heavier because they need to be pushed down into the soil.

Final thoughts

There are many types of plows out there. They each have their own advantages and disadvantages. In North America you tend to see the moldboard plow most often.


What type of plow do you use? and why?



  1. Good article!


    I am subhash gauswami and I am going to settle in Quebec, monteregie region for agriculture business and for the same I’m looking for farm equipment for my farm. Can you please send me your products and prices for the same including TRACTOR, PLOUGH, SEEDERS and any other information about farming equipments. Thank you
    E-mail :sgauswami@gmail.com

  3. Hello,

    in the market for a disc plow. Having a difficult time finding in the U.S.

    Ernie Torres

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